Increasing the Efficiency of Home Heating Systems with Smart NTC Sensors
NTC (Negative Temperature Coefficient) is a type of thermistor and is an electrical component whose resistance increases as the temperature decreases.
NTCs are often used in applications such as temperature measurement, temperature control, and thermal protection. Here's more information about NTCs:
a. Disc NTCs: These types of NTCs usually come in the shape of a round disk and can change resistance rapidly depending on temperature. As the temperature decreases, the resistance increases.
b. Bead NTCs: These are small bead-shaped NTCs placed on a thin wire or cable. They offer high precision and can come in smaller sizes. c. Leaded NTCs: These types of NTCs come with wires for connections and can be more easily integrated into circuits.
2. Manufacturing: NTCs are manufactured using ceramics or polymers, which is a temperature-sensitive material. Usually a special material is plastered or coated on a ceramic plate or polymer layer. This coating contains a material that affects resistance in a temperature-sensitive manner. This coating process determines the properties of NTC.
3. Material: The temperature sensitivity of NTCs is usually achieved by materials such as metal oxides, ferrites or polymers. These materials have thermal properties that control how resistance changes as temperature increases or decreases.
NTCs are used in temperature measurement, temperature control, overcurrent protection, and many industrial and medical applications. They are very useful when used for temperature measurement or temperature control because their resistors are sensitive to temperature changes.
NTCs are used in many different devices and applications. Here are some uses:
1. Electronic Devices: NTCs can be used for temperature monitoring and control in computers, televisions, smartphones and other electronic devices. For example, NTCs can be used to measure a computer's processor temperature and control its cooling system.
2. White Goods: NTCs are frequently used for temperature control in white goods such as refrigerators, ovens, and washing machines.
3. Automotive: NTCs are used in automobiles to monitor and control engine temperature, cabin temperature, and cooling systems.
4. Medical Devices: Medical devices can use NTCs to measure patients' body temperature or for temperature checks.
5. Industrial Applications: NTCs are used for temperature monitoring and control in many industrial applications such as industrial automation, manufacturing processes, and industrial devices.
Smart NTCs have also been developed. Such sensors can offer greater integration, remote monitoring and other smart features. For example, smart NTCs can be equipped with wireless communication capabilities and share data with a central system. Thus, remote temperature monitoring and control may be possible.
Smart NTCs can also interact with microcontrollers or other smart devices, allowing them to be used for more complex control systems. Such sensors may also be suitable for IoT (Internet of Things) applications.
An example application regarding NTC: Electronic Circuit with NTC- Temperature Sensor